Arterial hypertension (AH) or High Blood Pressure (HBP) - one of the most common diseases of the cardiovascular system, accompanied by a transient or persistent increase in blood pressure. 90-95% cases of hypertension is essential hypertension, in other cases diagnosed secondary hypertension: kidney (nephrogenic) 3-4%, 0.1-0.3% endocrine, hemodynamic, neurological, stress caused by intake of certain substances and AH of pregnant women, under which the increase in blood pressure is one of many symptoms of the underlying disease.
Around 85 million people in the United States have high blood pressure.
Hypertension and heart disease are global health concerns. The World Health Organization (WHO) suggests that the growth of the processed food industry has impacted the amount of salt in diets worldwide, and that this plays a role in hypertension.
Only half of people with elevated blood pressure know about this. Many people avoid visiting a doctor, whereas the only way to establish arterial hypertension is to regularly measure blood pressure.
Only half of patients with elevated blood pressure receive proper treatment. Many patients do not know that good health with elevated blood pressure is not a reason for refusing treatment, since untreated hypertension is a "delayed-action mine".
Optimum blood pressure <120/80 mm Hg. Art.
Normal blood pressure <130/85 mm Hg. Art.
Increased normal blood pressure 130-139 / 85-90 mm Hg. Art.
Stage 1 (mild hypertension) - SAD 140-159 / DAD 90-99.
Stage 2 (borderline hypertension) - SAD 160-179 / DAD 100-109.
Stage 3 (severe hypertension, hypertensive crisis) - SAD 180 and above / DAD 110 and above.
Isolated systolic hypertension - SAD above 140 / DAD below 90.
If the reading shows a hypertensive crisis when taking blood pressure, wait 2 or 3 minutes and then repeat the test.
If the reading is the same or higher, this is a medical emergency.
The person should seek immediate attention at the nearest hospital.
Managed risk factors include: smoking, drinking alcohol, stress, atherosclerosis, diabetes, excessive intake of salt, inactivity, obesity.
Others: heredity, age, menopause, environmental factors, stress and nervous tension, diabetes etc
Hypertension is rarely accompanied by symptoms, and its identification is usually through screening, or when seeking healthcare for an unrelated problem. Some with high blood pressure report headaches (particularly at the back of the head and in the morning), as well as lightheadedness, vertigo, tinnitus (buzzing or hissing in the ears), altered vision or fainting episodes.
Non-medicamentous treatment of arterial hypertension includes adherence to a diet with restriction of table salt, fats, easily digestible carbohydrates, fight against stress, quitting smoking, daily moderate physical activity. Modifications of the way of life are given the highest priority.
The goal of drug treatment is to lower blood pressure (not just lowering the pressure, but eliminating the cause of this high blood pressure) - below 140/90 mm Hg, except for patients with high / very high risk (diabetes, IHD, etc.), values target blood pressure for which is less than 130/80. At the beginning of treatment (depending on the stratification of risk) mono- or combination therapy is indicated. When monotherapy is ineffective, the use of low-dose combinations of antihypertensive agents is preferable to monotherapy with the same drug, but at the maximum dose. In accordance with the recommendations, primarily funds are allocated to improve the prognosis (reduce mortality and risks of non-fatal heart attacks and strokes).
Most importantly, a qualified cardiologist should prescribe drug treatment and the patient should regularly make blood pressure measurements.
Also, in the treatment of hypertension, long established as an effective tool in combination with drug treatment, physiotherapy apparatus DENAS.
The purpose of DENS-therapy is to reduce symptoms, with course treatment - to stabilize blood pressure and reduce the drug load.
The most convenient device for the treatment of hypertension is DENAS Cardio - an apparatus with an automated curative program. The duration of the session is only 5-6 minutes. With the help of DENAS Cardio, high blood pressure reducing gradually, so treatment is comfortable for patients with different stages of hypertension.
DENAS PCM device is also actively being used in the treatment of hypertension. It contains a special program "hypertension", which can be easily used at home because the exposure zones are displayed on the screen of the device.
In addition, it is possible to perform treatment with DENAS PCM device as follows:
1. Cervical-collar zone - sliding movement from top to bottom in the "Therapy" mode at a frequency of 7710 Hz with a minimum power (up to 5 units) for 10-15 minutes or the program "HYPERTENSION".
2. Zone of the second cervical vertebra. Mode "Therapy" at a frequency of 60 Hz or 7710 Hz with a minimum power of 2-3 minutes, or the program "hypertension".
3. Lateral or posterior surface of the heart with pain in the heart. Mode "Therapy" at a frequency of 60 Hz or 77 Hz with a minimum power to reduce the complaint or the program "pain."
For persons with established diagnosis Arterial hypertension: duration of treatment - 10 days; for persons over 70 years it is recommended to conduct short courses 5-7 days (reduction of metabolic processes in the body, worsening of the processes of nerve conduction). The first 2-4 courses should be done with interruptions in 10 days, for people over 70 years - 5-7 days, and then with the stabilization of well-being and AD courses can be conducted 10 days of each month.
Additional options for the treatment of hypertension:
1. DENS-applicator for comfortable impact on large areas.
2. The device DENAS-Vertebra program "C" or "B", 1-2 times a day, the course 10-14 days.
3. Apparatus Osteo-DENS program "Relaxation", 1-2 times a day, the course 10-14 days.